How to know if a word is feminine or masculine in French?

 

As you know, French nouns have a gender : they can be feminine or masculine, which is confusing for many French learners. Even if there is no magical recipe to know if a noun is feminine or masculine, some endings are associated with a particular gender. 

Here are some common feminine endings:

  • -ade¬†une promenade
  • -aison¬†une combinaison
  • -ire¬†une fermi√®re
  • -euse¬†une chanteuse
  • -ienne¬†une pharmacienne
  • -ie chimie
  • -sion¬†une passion
  • -ture¬†une confiture
  • -t√©¬†une charit√©
  • -tion¬†une invention¬†

Some common masculin endings:

  • -age¬†un virage
  • -al¬†un arsenal
  • -ent¬†un sergent
  • -ier¬†un fermier
  • -eur¬†un chanteur
  • -ien¬†un pharmacien
  • -isme¬†un communisme¬†
  • -ment¬†un gouvernement¬†

Let's practice!

Complete the sentences with the correct form of  "un" or "une". (Check your answers below)

1) Mets  _ ceinture (ton, ta)

2) Aimes-tu ___ comédie? (le, la)

3) Ma mère adore __ fromage. (le, la)

4) __ capitalisme est un régime économique et social. (le, la)

5) Tu as _ animal de compagnie? (Un, une)

6) Mon patron a __ patience. (Du, de la)

7) C'est___ très beau village. (un, une)

8) J'aime _ appartement (ton, ta) 

 

 

Check your answers

1) Ta 

2) La

3) Le

4) Le

5) Un 

6) De la 

7) Un

8) Ton

 

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