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50 Basic French words for Beginners

Learning a new language can be an exciting and rewarding experience. If you're just starting to learn French, it's essential to build a strong foundation by mastering the basic vocabulary.

In this blog post, I will introduce you to 50 basic French words that every beginner should know, along with their meanings. Let's get started!

1. Bonjour

Meaning: Hello

2. Merci

Meaning: Thank you

3. Oui

Meaning: Yes

4. Non

Meaning: No

5. S'il vous plaît

Meaning: Please

6. Excusez-moi

Meaning: Excuse me

7. Au revoir

Meaning: Goodbye

8. Comment 

Meaning: How

9. Qui

Meaning: Who

10. Quoi

Meaning: What

11. Où

Meaning: Where

12. Pourquoi

Meaning: Why

13. Quand

Meaning: When

14. Combien

Meaning: How much

A woman hands her product to the cashier with a smile.

15. Maintenant

Meaning: Now

16. Hier

Meaning: Yesterday

17. Aujourd'hui

Meaning: Today

18. Demain

Meaning: Tomorrow

19. Matin

Meaning: Morning

20. Après-midi

Meaning: Afternoon


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21. Soir

Meaning: Evening

22. Nuit

Meaning: Night

23. Homme

Meaning: Man

24. Femme

Meaning: Woman

25. Ami/amie

Meaning: Friend

26. Enfant

Meaning: Child

27. Famille

Meaning: Family

28. Maison

Meaning: House/Home

29. Voiture

Meaning: Car

30. Chien

Meaning: Dog


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31. Chat

Meaning: Cat

32. Manger

Meaning: To eat

33. Boire

Meaning: To drink

34. Dormir

Meaning: To sleep

35. Travail

Meaning: Work

36. Étude

Meaning: Study

37. Livre

Meaning: Book

A book on linen


38. Stylo

Meaning: Pen

39. Papier

Meaning: Paper

40. Ordinateur

Meaning: Computer

41. Téléphone

Meaning: Phone

42. Musique

Meaning: Music

43. Film

Meaning: Movie/Film

44. Jouer

Meaning: To play

45. Voyage

Meaning: Travel

46. Temps

Meaning: Time

47. Montre

Meaning: Watch

48. Argent

Meaning: Money

49. Bon

Meaning: Good

50. Mauvais

Meaning: Bad


If you’re eager to expand your knowledge of basic French words and phrases, check out my lesson below. I share my 100 French phrases and their meanings.


I'm Umut, an experienced Online French Tutor with a PhD in French Studies.

With over 7 years of expertise in the French language, I've helped hundreds of adults efficiently and quickly master French, progressing from beginners to confident speakers.

Join my Online French classes for adults in Toronto, designed for fast and effective learning.

If you have any questions, feel free to send me a message at info@tumulearning.ca 

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