How to use "il y a" in a sentence?
Il y a is probably one of the most common and useful expressions in French.
It is used to express the presence of persons or things. It can be translated as "there is/are".
- Il y a beaucoup de gens dans le parc. (There are a lot of people at the park.)
- Il y a des étudiants dans la classe. (There are some students in the classroom.)
- Il y a des plantes dans ma chambre. (There are some plants in my bedroom.)
Il y a with negation
Il n’y a pas is the negative form of "il y a" and it means “there isn't”/ “there aren't.”
After il n'y a pas, the indefinite articles (un, une, des) become "de". This can be translated as "any" in English.
- Il y a des cafés dans mon quartier, mais il n'y a pas DE banques. (There are coffee shops in my neighbourhood, but there aren't any banks.)
Ask a question using Il y a
To form a question, one can use Est-ce que or inversion form:
- Est-ce qu'il y a un marché dans ton quartier? (In your neighbourhood do you have a farmer's market?)
- Y-a-t-il une radio dans ta maison? (Do you have a radio in your home?)
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